What is a Paralegal? What Does a Paralegal Do? 

In today’s legal service sectors, Paralegals are essential and play a significant part in judicial proceedings. They are acknowledged as the fourth branch of the legal profession. After selecting which field of law to specialise in, one of the most prominent considerations a new paralegal will have is what kind of environment would work best for them. Larger companies can hire many attorneys, each with a focus area requiring a separate staff of paralegals. Due to the constant requirement for attorneys and paralegals, paralegals are fortunate in their career paths. The involvement of paralegals in the provision of the necessary services is also steadily growing. 

What does a Paralegal mean? 

A paralegal is a significant part of the legal firm who possesses a deep understanding of the law and legal concerns but is not a licensed attorney. They perform a variety of legal and managerial tasks. In addition to collaborating with one or more attorneys, paralegals, and legal administrative personnel, paralegals might even engage with clients, investigators, and legal practitioners. More significant than clerical tasks, paralegal responsibilities encompass a wide range of actual legal work. 

Types of paralegals 

Since the Paralegals work under the attorneys, there are various kinds of paralegals, as mentioned below: 

  • Intellectual property paralegal: 

The three fundamental components of IPR are copyright, trademarks, and patents. Any of these specific disciplines are accessible to paralegals. 

  • Litigation Paralegal: 

Such paralegals are tasked with trial preparations, precedent research, client and witness investigations, finding key evidence against the opposition, etc. 

  • Immigration paralegal: 

These paralegals can be hired by the government or another organisation in their immigration division. These paralegals must be multilingual and proficient. 

  • Real estate paralegal: 

A paralegal with expertise in this field should be able to examine lease agreements, property sales, and purchases. 

Duties of a Paralegal 

 There are some technical skills and professional obligations which all paralegals possess, although their daily tasks vary based on the type of business they work for. Therefore, the typical core duties of a paralegal are as follows: 

  • Organising and managing case files: 

Drafting, structuring, and maintaining a case file to be used in court is a significant task for any paralegal to carry out.  

  • Conducting documentary research: 

A paralegal must be able to do both legal and documentary research and investigations to gather shreds of evidence. It also includes identifying judicial decisions and legal articles related to the case. 

  • Conducting interviews with the clients: 

A paralegal should interview potential clients or witnesses to prepare for court-ordered case trials. The Paralegal prepares a memo outlining the testimony for the lawyer after locating and engaging with a witness. 

  • Preparation of documents:  

A paralegal is responsible for preparing legal documents. Writing letters and pleadings, including complaints, subpoenas, interrogatories, deposition notices, pretrial orders, and legal briefs with multiple parties, might be a component. 

  • Briefing the case to higher authorities: 

Before case trials, a paralegal has a crucial duty to prepare the case and provide the resources to the seniors.  

Why do firms require a proper Paralegal Support System? 

Every legal matter needs a solid legal foundation based on both national and local legislation. Such groups produce a robust framework that increases the chance of success in every situation. (lambertsfruit.com) Such paralegal support services ensure both the timely delivery of all papers and the accessibility of client information. 

A few core functions performed by them are:

  • Accelerating the process of discovery 
  • Strengthening practice profitability 
  • Providing Superior Client Experiences 

The duties of a paralegal, however, might be contracted out. Outsourcing offers a variety of advantages in terms of productivity and scalability. Law firms use the tactic, also known as legal process outsourcing (LPO), to conserve resources and boost profit margins. 

Advantages of being a Paralegal: 

  • In-depth knowledge of the subject: 

If you are a paralegal, you would undoubtedly spend a lot of time conducting extensive research. Your understanding of the things you are studying will grow as a result. 

  • Intense about of job options: 

Paralegals can be employed in various legal sectors or even pursue careers in domains other than law, such as insurance, banking, or the military forces. 

  • Possibility for advancement:  

A paralegal has a chance to achieve management and supervisory roles. 

  • Good returns by investing low: 

Paralegal studies are only restricted to 1-2 years of study, and that too is usually a diploma or online course, which means good returns with cheap investment. 


Therefore, the demand for lawyers in the nation is closely correlated with the necessity for paralegals. Paralegals provide a vital link between judicial services and legal remedies.  Depending on the company model and the type of law we practice, Paralegals can help us immensely with our everyday demands and chores. However, paralegal rates can exceed those of ordinary legal assistants; experience and in-depth legal knowledge are frequently prerequisites for those rates. Since a paralegal’s duties include conducting new research and, presumably, interviewing new clients for each case, the position looks pretty exciting.

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